A Bivariate Index Vector to Measure Departure from Quasi-symmetry for Ordinal Square Contingency Tables
This study proposes a bivariate index vector to concurrently analyze both the degree and direction of departure from the quasi-symmetry (QS) model for ordinal square contingency tables. The QS model and extended QS (EQS) models identify the symmetry and asymmetry between the probabilities of normal circulation and reverse circulation when the order exists for arbitrary three categories. The asymmetry parameter of the EQS model implies the degree of departure from the QS model; the EQS model is equivalent to the QS model when the asymmetry parameter equals to one. The structure of the EQS model differs depending on whether the asymmetry parameter approaches zero or infinity. Thus, the asymmetry parameter of the EQS model also implies the direction of departure from the QS model. The proposed bivariate index vector is constructed by combining existing and original sub-indexes that represent the degree of departure from the QS model and its direction. These sub-indexes are expressed as functions of the asymmetry parameter under the EQS model. We construct an estimator of the proposed bivariate index vector and an approximate confidence region for the proposed bivariate index vector. Using real data, we show that the proposed bivariate index vector is important to compare degrees of departure from the QS model for plural data sets.
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