Bivariate Poisson Generalized Lindley Distributions and the Associated BINAR(1) Processes
This paper proposes new bivariate distributions based on the Poisson generalized Lindley distribution as marginal. These models include the basic bivariate Poisson generalized Lindley (BPGL) and the Sarmanov-based bivariate Poisson generalized Lindley (SPGL) distributions. Subsequently, we introduce the BPGL and SPGL distributions as joint innovation distributions in a novel bivariate first-order integer-valued autoregressive process (BINAR(1)) based on binomial thinning. The model parameters in the BPGL and SPGL distributions are estimated using the method of maximum likelihood (ML) while we apply the conditional maximum likelihood (CML) for the BINAR(1) process. We conduct some simulation experiments to assess the small and large sample performances. Further, we implement the new BINAR(1)s to the Pittsburgh crime series data and they show better fitting criteria than other competing BINAR(1) models in the literature.
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